The ensanguined Ebola creates a scare amongst the West African countries which are living under the threat of an envenom epidemic of Ebola. This killer disease sits on a volcanic outburst, if serious measures are not taken by the western world to sabotage it in Africa itself, before the contagious viral spreads its wings to the other countries. The world’s “disastrously inadequate response” to West Africa’s Ebola outbreak means many people are dying needlessly, the head of World Bank President Jim Yong Kim said. There is a disastrous catastrophe waiting to be engulfed if immediate measures on a large scale are not taken to control this ensuing viral. The painful images of the victims of Ebola are heart rendering and reveals the sad story of the cruelty of nature to human kind.
The term Ebola comes from the river Ebola in Congo in Central Africa, where the viral was first identified in 1976. As this virus enters the human or the animal body its mechanisms first disarm the immune response of the body and then dismantle the vascular system. The virus spreads so quickly in the body and nullifies the primary immune cells so fast that the body gives up and succumbs to the fatal infection. The death of the patient comes from the damage to the blood cells that lead to a drop in blood pressure, and patients die from shock and multiple organ failure.
What are the symptoms of Ebola?
The symptoms of Ebola that can start from two days to three weeks after contracting the virus are
- Sore throat
- Muscle pain
- Rashes on the body
- Decreased functioning of the liver and kidney
- Bleeding from both within the body and externally
Who are the carriers of Ebola?
It spreads to the people by contact with the skin of humans who are already infected by this virus. Infected animals like a monkey, chimp, or a fruit bat are also carriers of this virus. Those who care for the sick person or bury someone who was infected from the disease also often gets it. Touching contaminated needles or surfaces can also spread this virus into your body.
What are the preventive measures to control Ebola?
- Avoid contacts with Ebola patients and their bodily fluids
- Do not touch anything which can have human sweat like shared towels which could have become contaminated in a public place
- Carriers should wear gloves and protective equipment, such as masks, and wash their hands regularly
- The WHO also warns against consuming raw bush meat and any contact with infected bats or monkeys and apes. Fruit bats in particular are a very potent carrier of the virus Ebola
- Avoid shaking hands or kissing an Ebola carrier
- The men can transfer this virus through their semen for up to seven weeks even after recovering from Ebola so people in Africa are advised not to have sex.
What role can the world play to restrict its spread?
Although, the spread of Ebola so far has been restricted to West Africa, the world needs to recognize the fragility of the situation.
The places that have been found to have patients suffering from Ebola should be supplied with protective masks, gloves, goggles, and sanitizers to control the spread of the disease. Effective measures should be given to the infected nations for complete equipment sterilization and routine use of disinfectant
The scientists all over the world should accelerate their research to counterfeit Ebola virus and come out with a quick solution to fight the deadly virus.
It is just not a disease spread in pockets of Africa but a virus that can become an epidemic and engulf the whole world if not controlled with rigid measures.