Medical or hospital equipment also known as armamentarium is designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of patients in various health care departments. The development of new advance featured medical equipment helps a patient to easily recover from their disease. There are several basic types of hospital equipment are:
1) Diagnostic equipment:
Equipment or tools used to diagnose, test or screen for health conditions are known as diagnostic equipment. Thermometer, Sphygmomanometer, Stethoscope, X-Ray machines, MRI machines comes in this category. It is said that correct diagnosis leads to correct treatment and it is the first task of the doctor, without doing this a health care professional cannot treat a patient well. Aim of hospitals which are health care centres is to diagnose, treat and care for their patient who suffers from any disease or injury. There is wide range of diagnostic equipment easily available in the market. With the help of CT scan you are able detect heart disease. X-Ray machine is helpful in scanning orthopaedic and other ailments.
2) Therapeutic equipment:
There are numerous of medical equipment that can be used to treat patients and therapeutic medical equipment is one of these. Physiotherapy includes electrotherapy devices, ultrasound, laser therapy and magneto therapy equipment, high technology is used to design all these devices. Therapeutic medical products serve to both prevent and heal wounds of their patients with various types of swelling and wounds related to disease states ranging from lymphedema to diabetes need to depend on these products.
3) Surgical instruments:
Success of a surgery depends on accuracy continuity and high quality surgical instruments used during surgery. The range of surgical instruments is wide and it can be divided into six categories by function. These are:
a) Cutting instruments:
Bone chisel, dissecting knife, tenotomy scissors and bone cutter are used as cutting instrument during surgery.
b) Grasping or holding instruments:
Examples of grasping or holding instrument are surgical Pinzette, forceps dissecting, forceps tissue and needle holder.
c) Haemostatic forceps:
Mosquito forceps, Kelly forceps and kocher forceps are known as haemostatic forceps which are used to stop blood flow during surgery.
Nerve hook, Obstetrical hook, goelet retractor and skin hook with the help of these instruments a surgeon can either actively separate the edges of a surgical incision or wound.
e) Clamps and distractors:
Towel clamp and towel forceps are good example of this class of instruments.
f) Accessories and implants:
Dilator, cannula, surgical needle and sterilization tray and many more are used as accessories and implants.
4) Durable medical equipment:
Wheel chair, commodes and raised toilet sheet, walker and power operated vehicles which improves the quality of living of the patients are known as durable medical equipment. It also includes iron lungs, oxygen tents, nebulizers, catheters and hospital beds. Durable medical equipment is long lasting that are able to protect patients from injury.
5) Biomedical equipment:
In hospitals biomedical test equipment are used to check whether the accurate measure flow is irreplaceable of various medical equipment. These analysis tools have been used for oxygen concentrators, ventilator testing and anaesthesia gas delivery device to accurately measure oxygen, air as well as nitrous oxide pressure and flow. A biomedical equipment technician(BMET) employed primarily by hospital is responsible for maintaining a facility’s medical equipment.
You should follow medical equipment maintenance manual provided by ministry of health and family welfare for the better maintenance of the equipment and to provide good treatment to your patients. The world health organisation department of Essential Health Technologies is planning to continuously update the list of core medical equipment so that outstanding treatment can be provided and they make it publically available on the WHO website for information purpose.