All you need to know about Medical Implants

 A medical device made to support biological structures which get damaged, helps in replacing biological structures which are missing, or helps in enhancing biological structures which already exist is called an implant. Medical implants are devices made by man transplanted for biomedical tissues. Titanium, apatite and silicone are biomedical materials which are used in the surface of implants for contacting the body. These are used according to the requirement of function. Cochlear implants and artificial implants are electronics which are used in some of the implants whereas, some implants as per the requirement are bioactive such as devices which are drug delivery. Let’s discuss some of the common implants which even we are familiar with and which help people to heal from their injuries,

Medical Implants

Can You Get Artificial Hips?

The medical joints or devices used in surgeries for the replacement of hips are called artificial hips. They are implanted according to the need and requirement of patients, that is, there can be a half as well as full hip replacements. The artificial hips contain almost 60 types, so you can choose according to your own need.

Yes there are Different Types of Breast Implants:

Devices used for reconstructing, enhancing or reshaping the size of breast of a woman are called breast implants. Breast implants are of three types:

  • Composite
  • Saline
  • Silicone

You can get the kind of breast implants you want according to your requirement.

The Two Types of Heart Pacemakers:

Patients with heart diseases or with conditions causing abnormal heart rhythms go for heart pacemakers. Now, heart pacemakers comes in two types. One in which chambers of the heart are triggered and the second one is used to control the rate and rhythm of the heart by sending an electrical pulse to it. Both these devices come under medical implants, they are implanted under a person’s skin near his heart to control the heartbeat.

Artificial Knees for Support

The real knee or joint of a patient gets changed by an artificial knee according to the requirement of the patient. That is whether he wants a total knee replacement surgery or wants to go for half replacement. This category has also several types, so you are given options which you can choose according to your need.

Artificial Eye for Different Requirements:

A surgery is the one where patients eyes lens are replaced by artificial eyes. Artificial eyes have four types depending on the requirements and need conditions of the patients. The types are as following:

  • Mono-focal Lenses
  • Astigmatic Lenses
  • Mono-vision Lenses
  • Multi-focal Lenses

Each of these lenses offer visual result of different size.

Ear Tubes as Saviour

Patient’s ears that can’t be treated by medication are fixed by ear tubes which are used diminish the damages caused in ears. How are they implanted? They are inserted into the drums of ears, these are basically small tubes. A variety of them is available in the market. From which some of them are used for temporary purposes while others are designed to treat long-term chronic conditions. All these types depend on the patients requirements and how much need they require for this.

Source: http://www.indianorthopaedic.com/implants.html

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How Well Do You Know About Your Intramedullary Nail

Intramedullary Nail:

The orthopedic surgeon makes a small notch in the skin to the tissue nearest to the one end of the broken bone to straighten up the fractured bones and to provide maximum healing base and puts a rod-like device shaped like a nail into the cleft center of the bone, called the medullary cavity. The intramedullary nail forms an unconstrained internal prop to sustain the fracture. All this procedure is usually done for three types of fractures;

Intramedullary Interlocking Nails

A Tibia Plateau Fracture:

It’s a bone fracture which causes the deterioration in the continuity of the bone appearing in shinbone called the tibial plateau. It affects the working of the knee joint and the substantiality of the motion. In this part of bone surgeon always insert intramedullary nail for strength and support of the bone.

A Femoral Shaft Fracture:

Our Thigh bone called femur, is the longest and strongest bone exist in our body. The part of femur that is long and straight is called the femoral fracture when there is a breakage happened in any of this longest area of the bone, it is a femoral shaft fracture area where the intramedullary nail is installed to provide support to the thigh bone.

A Humerus Fracture:

It is the upper arm bone injury. The upper arm bone is called humerus that connects the shoulder with the elbow. Humerus fractures may be of three kinds.

Clavicle Fracture: A fracture in collar bone that begins at the neck and extends to the shoulder, these fractures happens due to the fall and direct hit. When we get a clavicle fracture, then we may have a difficulty in raising the arm.

Proximal Humerus Fracture: The fracture at the top of the humerus bone is called the humerus fracture. The proximal humerus fracture affects the shoulder joint with high intensity and its difficult and time taking to heal.

There are 2 types of Proximal Humerus Fracture:
  • A shaft fracture disturbed the middle portion of the humerus bone.
  • A distal humerus fracture affects the bottom end of the humerus, near the elbow joint.

A humeral fracture can often be managed without surgery. Factors that control the requirement for surgery include the amount of displacement, the involvement of the cartilage in the joint, and the age and activity level of the patient.

Scapula Fracture: A flat triangular bone located in the upper back part of the shoulder is called scapula. It provides the major connections between the arm and the chest. These fractures are not so common. They most commonly happen in men. This type of injury typically has continued to other damages, some are nerve injuries, rib fractures, or lung injuries.

Advantages of Intramedullary Nail

  • It provides strength and flexible support to the bones.
  • Exactly straighten the fractured bones for faster mending and lead to weight bearing very steadily.
  • Motion in joints starts earlier and stiffness gets reduced.
  • It encourages more alike motion in uninjured muscles and other nearby joints.

Related Posts:

GPC Tibial Nails: A Quality You Can Trust

Orthopedics in India: What You Should Know!

Implants in Orthopedic Trauma

Orthopedic Nails, Wires, Pins & Staples used in Bone Fracture

Types of Orthopedic Bone Screws

FAQs Related to Hip Implants

Intramedullary Interlocking Nails – An Overview

An Overview of Locking Plate System