How Well Do You Know About Your Intramedullary Nail

Intramedullary Nail:

The orthopedic surgeon makes a small notch in the skin to the tissue nearest to the one end of the broken bone to straighten up the fractured bones and to provide maximum healing base and puts a rod-like device shaped like a nail into the cleft center of the bone, called the medullary cavity. The intramedullary nail forms an unconstrained internal prop to sustain the fracture. All this procedure is usually done for three types of fractures;

Intramedullary Interlocking Nails

A Tibia Plateau Fracture:

It’s a bone fracture which causes the deterioration in the continuity of the bone appearing in shinbone called the tibial plateau. It affects the working of the knee joint and the substantiality of the motion. In this part of bone surgeon always insert intramedullary nail for strength and support of the bone.

A Femoral Shaft Fracture:

Our Thigh bone called femur, is the longest and strongest bone exist in our body. The part of femur that is long and straight is called the femoral fracture when there is a breakage happened in any of this longest area of the bone, it is a femoral shaft fracture area where the intramedullary nail is installed to provide support to the thigh bone.

A Humerus Fracture:

It is the upper arm bone injury. The upper arm bone is called humerus that connects the shoulder with the elbow. Humerus fractures may be of three kinds.

Clavicle Fracture: A fracture in collar bone that begins at the neck and extends to the shoulder, these fractures happens due to the fall and direct hit. When we get a clavicle fracture, then we may have a difficulty in raising the arm.

Proximal Humerus Fracture: The fracture at the top of the humerus bone is called the humerus fracture. The proximal humerus fracture affects the shoulder joint with high intensity and its difficult and time taking to heal.

There are 2 types of Proximal Humerus Fracture:
  • A shaft fracture disturbed the middle portion of the humerus bone.
  • A distal humerus fracture affects the bottom end of the humerus, near the elbow joint.

A humeral fracture can often be managed without surgery. Factors that control the requirement for surgery include the amount of displacement, the involvement of the cartilage in the joint, and the age and activity level of the patient.

Scapula Fracture: A flat triangular bone located in the upper back part of the shoulder is called scapula. It provides the major connections between the arm and the chest. These fractures are not so common. They most commonly happen in men. This type of injury typically has continued to other damages, some are nerve injuries, rib fractures, or lung injuries.

Advantages of Intramedullary Nail

  • It provides strength and flexible support to the bones.
  • Exactly straighten the fractured bones for faster mending and lead to weight bearing very steadily.
  • Motion in joints starts earlier and stiffness gets reduced.
  • It encourages more alike motion in uninjured muscles and other nearby joints.

Related Posts:

GPC Tibial Nails: A Quality You Can Trust

Orthopedics in India: What You Should Know!

Implants in Orthopedic Trauma

Orthopedic Nails, Wires, Pins & Staples used in Bone Fracture

Types of Orthopedic Bone Screws

FAQs Related to Hip Implants

Intramedullary Interlocking Nails – An Overview

An Overview of Locking Plate System


Corporate Video – GPC Medical Ltd. – #1 Medical Supplies Company in India

GPC Medical Limited is a New Delhi based company that manufactures, supplies, and exports all kinds of hospital supplies and medical equipment. We are an ISO 9001:2008, ISO 13485:2012, CE, US FDA 510(K), WHO-GMP approved company that has its supplies all over the globe extending across 100+ countries.

The company envisages a vision to continue to supply medical and hospital products to all its present clients along with a view to grow exponentially with the same spirit and of keeping each one of our clients completely satisfied.

Medical and hospital products deal with saving lives and making life pain free therefore GPC Medical ensures that there is no scope of compromise at any level for the quality of the products. Our prices too bear a tag that is very competitive to make sure that each one of our user has the maximum benefit with the best pricing.

Watch our corporate video to find out more about us!

Browse our e-catalogue at

Cannula Sizes, Uses And The Dіffеrеnt Types

Thе Intrаvеnоuѕ Cannula

Thе іntrаvеnоuѕ саnnulа іѕ uѕеd bу medical реrѕоnnеl to access the vеіnѕ of thе patient, еіthеr fоr injecting mеdісіnе оr withdrawing blооd. Thіѕ іѕ соmmоnlу known аѕ аn IV. The IV cannula hаѕ a trосаr оn top. Thіѕ is uѕеd to fасіlіtаtе an opening in thе bоdу. The tubе will be thrеаdеd there.

Cаnnulа comes frоm the Lаtіn wоrd whісh mеаnѕ ‘lіttlе rееd’. This саn also be ѕреllеd as саnulа, ѕо уоu muѕt not get соnfuѕеd when lооkіng fоr саnnulа sizes. Itѕ рlurаl fоrm іѕ саnnulае. Thе dеvісе іѕ a kіnd оf tubе, whісh іѕ іnѕеrtеd іntо thе bоdу to rеmоvе оr gеt ѕоmе fluіd frоm the іnѕіdе.


The tube саn еnvеlор thе оutеr surfaces and inner portion оf the Trocar needle to help in extending іtѕ аdvаnсеmеnt to thе tаrgеtеd vеіn by mоrе thаn hаlf оf thе length of thе introducer. Thе рrосеѕѕ of gеttіng any саnnulа ѕіzеѕ out реrmаnеntlу іѕ саllеd dесаnnulаtіоn. Onlу a doctor can instruct or dісtаtе thіѕ іѕ dоnе and lіkеwіѕе іf thе dеvісе is nо lоngеr needed in hеlріng thе patient brеаthе.

Dіffеrеnt Tуреѕ

Cаnnulа ѕіzеѕ dіffеr dереndіng оn thе tуреѕ оf thе device. In the field оf medicine, саnnulае uѕuаllу hаvе a trосаr attachment thаt hеlрѕ іn puncturing thе body to properly рlасе thе mаtеrіаl іn thе іntеndеd ѕрасе. These аrе thе 11 types оf саnnulае that соmе іn dіffеrеnt саnnulа ѕіzеѕ. Thеѕе іnсludе Vеt Pоіnt, Bullet Point, Dеflесtеd Point for Anti-Coring, Wеldеd Bаll End, Bias Grind, Clоѕеd-End Cоnѕіѕtеnt Wаll, Prоbе Point with blunt еnd, Trосаr, Pеnсіl Pоіnt, Rаzоr Edgе аnd Lаnсеt Point.

Thеrе are mаnу types оf саnnulае and саnnulа ѕіzеѕ thаt аrе uѕеd іn hоѕріtаlѕ, but thе mоѕt соmmоn оf аll аrе thе іntrаvеnоuѕ саnnulае. Most оf thеѕе аrе utіlіzеd whеn саrdіас ѕurgеrу nееdѕ to bе реrfоrmеd by еѕtаblіѕhіng a саrdіорulmоnаrу bypass. The nаѕаl cannula іѕ uѕеd tо administer оxуgеn bу running the plastic tubіng beneath the nоѕе. The vеnоuѕ саnnulа, оn the other hand, іѕ used tо administer intravenous fluіdѕ, mеdісіnеѕ аnd іn gеttіng blооd ѕаmрlеѕ from patients. Thе arterial tуре is рlасеd in the artery whеn thе раtіеnt іѕ undеr сrіtісаl саrе, tо hеlр іn observing blood рrеѕѕurе and to gеt blood ѕаmрlеѕ as оftеn аѕ nееdеd.

Knоwn Complications

Thе рrосеѕѕ of саnnulаtіоn mау be аblе tо hеlр patients in many ways, but thеrе аrе аlѕо сеrtаіn complications thаt mау аrіѕе from thіѕ. These complications аrе grouped іntо fоur categories, ѕuсh as еmbоlіѕm, hеmаtоmа, infiltration аnd рhlеbіtіѕ.

Other Uѕеѕ

Cannulae can аlѕо bе uѕеd іn fіеldѕ thаt are nоt rеlаtеd to hеаlth. This іnсludе bіо rеѕеаrсh, gеnеrаl аvіаtіоn, synthetic сhеmіѕtrу, аnd mаnу mоrе.

Thе саnnulа ѕіzеѕ vаrу dереndіng оn thе uѕеѕ аnd types. Thе device mау рrоvіdе grеаt hеlр аnd assistance, еѕресіаllу іn hеаlth-rеlаtеd fіеldѕ. Thіѕ muѕt only bе аdmіnіѕtеrеd bу experts tо make ѕurе that thе rіѕkѕ wіll оnlу be mіnіmаl.

Why do we need medical waste management companies?

Waste or garbage is the term clearly and distinctly describes the term of potentially unwanted substances, which cannot be used by a human. Every minute we are using some substances and at the same time producing waste substances out of it. Therefore, the production of waste substances cannot be terminated but it needs to be disposed of in such a way that it will not pose the health risk for human beings and animals.

Medical Waste ManagementAmong this medical waste are of great importance because of the diversity in nature. These waste substances are with a wide range of potentially dangerous substances and improper maintaining can cause a serious hazard to the health.

The medical waste substances can be classified into various classes according to the following classification. They are

Class A – Non-hazardous waste (food remains of all units of health facilities, furniture waste, paper waste and so on).

Class B – Dangerous (risky) waste (potentially infectious waste materials and tools contaminated with secretions of human blood, organic operating and pathological waste, and so on).

Class C – Extremely hazardous waste (materials in contact with patients with particularly dangerous infections, the waste substance from TB hospitals and so on).

Class D – Industrial waste products (expired medicines and disinfectants, waste from medicinal and diagnostic products, mercury-containing objects, instruments and equipment, and so).

Class E – Radioactive waste (all kinds of wastes containing radioactive components).

The importance of the medical waste management is shown by the report published by WHO in 2000 stating that the following infections occurred due to the improper management of medical waste.  The statistics below shows the different infections due to the mismanagement of medical waste. The infections occurred in such way are

  • 21 million people – hepatitis B (HBV) (32% of all new infections);
  • 2 million people – hepatitis C (HCV) (40% of all new infections); and
  • At least 260,000 people – HIV (5% of all new infections).

Most of the medical waste management companies are available in all part of the world. They are specialized in the management of different types of medical waste substances. However, the question is how these medical waste management companies sort out a way of disposing of each type of waste substances. The main criteria for choosing a method of disposal and related equipment can be:

  • Qualitative composition of the waste and its quantity;
  • The safety and environmental friendliness of the method;
  • Maximum reduction of waste volume output and full disinfection;
  • The absolute impossibility of re-use of components of recyclable waste after processing;
  • The possibility of installation of medical waste management directly to the health facility with minimal preparatory work;
  • The amount of funds that are expected to be spent on the purchase of equipment and the level of the planned initial and subsequent operating costs;
  • The required level of training of staff.

As a conclusion, the medical waste management companies make medical waste management simple. This is clearly shown by the decrease in the diseases, which is caused by the medical waste substances.

New agreements reduce pricing and increase access to neonatal resuscitation equipment in low and middle-income countries

Press Release Published on May 17, 2016


The Clinton Health Access Initiative, Inc. (CHAI) today announced agreements with GPC Medical Limited and Shanghai Jolly Medical Education Co., Ltd. that will reduce the price of the neonatal bag and mask resuscitator and the neonatal resuscitation training mannequin by 30-61 percent. These deals are expected to expand access to products that are vital to treating birth asphyxia, a condition which causes an estimated 662,000 newborn deaths annually. CHAI’s work establishing these partnerships was made possible through financial support from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and is part of the efforts to implement the recommendations of the UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women’s and Children’s Health.

The UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities’ recommendations called for increased access to high-quality, affordable resuscitation products as part of a set of essential commodities for women’s and children’s health. Asphyxia-related deaths can be prevented with the correct training and equipment; however, the products needed for high-quality training and patient care are often unavailable in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), with pricing and supply security commonly cited as barriers to access.

Basic Artificial Resuscitator-Infant

AN108 – Basic Artificial Resuscitator-Infant

Under the first agreement, GPC Medical Limited has agreed to make the Basic Resuscitator-AN108 available for US $7.85-$9.50 per unit free on board (FOB), depending on order quantities, which represents a 53-61 percent price reduction versus the market-leading product in LMICs. This pricing is guaranteed through April 2018, with the possibility of extension. Pricing will be honored for any product purchases that will be distributed in 75 eligible countries, regardless of the purchasing entity. GPC’s product meets WHO product and quality specifications for the neonatal bag and mask resuscitator.

“Access to resuscitation equipment remains low in Ethiopia and across the developing world,” said Professor Bogale Worku, Executive Director of the Ethiopian Pediatrics Society. “Ensuring access to neonatal bag and mask resuscitators and mannequins is critical to reducing the 28,000 asphyxia-related deaths in Ethiopia. By making these products more accessible, we can ensure that health workers have the training and the necessary equipment to effectively resuscitate a newborn suffering from asphyxia.”

Under the second agreement, Shanghai Jolly Medical Education Co., Ltd. has developed a new resuscitation mannequin under the MedMod brand—the JY/J-Mbaby Baby Jack Newborn Baby Simulator. Shanghai Jolly Medical Education Co., Ltd. has agreed to make the simulator available for US $42 per unit ex works (EXW), which represents a 30 percent price reduction compared to the market-leading product in LMICs. This pricing is guaranteed through March 2018, with the possibility of an extension depending on sales volumes achieved. Pricing will be honored for any product purchases that will be distributed in 74 eligible countries—the 75 Countdown countries excluding the People’s Republic of China—regardless of the purchasing entity. To ensure that the product meets resuscitation training standards, the Nigerian Society of Neonatal Medicine (NISONM) conducted an assessment of the Jolly Medical mannequin to assess its functionality and overall suitability in LMICs.

“Increased access to training mannequins will ensure sustainability and facilitate scale-up of resuscitation training programmes in Nigeria,” said Professor Chinyere Ezeaka, of the Neonatology Unit, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, and National President of NISONM. “The Jolly Medical mannequin represents a high-quality, durable, and affordable option for resuscitation trainers, and meets NISONM’s standards for use in resource-limited settings.”


What is a Hospital Bed?

In the modern medical world a comprehensive line of beds combined with ground-breaking intelligence, with high technology engineering to advance the standard of patients are being used. A hospital bed or cot is generally designed for hospitalised patients and for the convenience of health care workers. Common features of these beds are adjustable height, the head and the feet, adjustable side rail and electronic buttons to operate both the bed and the electronic devices nearby or attached to it.

Hospital Beds

Types of Hospital Beds:


Manual beds are moved or adjusted by using hand cranks. These cranks are located at the foot or head of the bed. Manual beds are not much advanced like electronic bed as you may not be able move this bed as many position like that of electronic bed.


These beds are more advance and easier to move or adjusted by simply pushing buttons. You can see more advance features on electronic bed, it has a hand control pad hooked to the bed that looks like a remote control of television.

ICU Beds

Modern Features of Hospital Beds are:

Most of the hospital bed models are quite complex due to this reason. Health care professionals and patients should understand how to use them properly. They should follow the instructions provided by the manufacturers. Most important modern features of hospital beds are as follow:


With the help of wheels of the hospital beds you can easily move the patient bed to the destination point with minimal disturbance. In patient care sometimes movement of a patient bed from a few inches to a few feet may be necessary. Wheels of these beds are lockable for the safety point of view of the patients.


Beds with adjustable side rails first appeared in England between 1815 and 1825. Manufacturers have designed their bed frames and their side rails to reduce the risk of injuries to the patients. These side rails can be easily raised or lowered according to the demand of the situation. Variety of different type of side rail is used to serve different purpose such as these are used by patients or staff members to prevent the patient falls. If the side rails are not properly built then it can be risky for the patients, so the manufacturing company has to follow guidelines regarding the safety of the side rails.


Side of the bed can be raised at the head, feet and their entire height. On the older beds it is done through cranks usually found at the foot of the bed but you can see this feature on electronic modern beds. Adjusting the bed by raising and lowering the height can help bring the bed to a comfortable level for the caregivers and patients to get in and out of bed. Fowler’s position or raising the head of the bed is used for sitting the patient for feeding or some other activities. Raising the feet may also be necessary and can help easy movements of the patient toward the headboard.


Specialist beds are beds with special features designed to help older and disabled people. Some of the examples of this type of beds are height adjustable beds, pressure reducing mattresses, chair bed, bed table, rope ladder, standing bed, turning bed and legacy bed. In other words you can say that these specialist beds are produced to effectively treat different injuries.

Operating Tables

You need a hospital bed if you or a family member is recovering from illness. A hospital bed can be rented or bought with the help of online medical store where you can also get some beneficial offers just like you can get mattresses or pillows free of cost. Hospital beds are used not only in hospitals, but also in outpatient care departments, long-term care facilities, and in private homes.

GPC Medical makes the most safe and comfortable beds with all modern features. We ensure that all the needs of the patients are being taken care of.


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What are the different types of Hospital Equipment?

Medical or hospital equipment also known as armamentarium is designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of patients in various health care departments. The development of new advance featured medical equipment helps a patient to easily recover from their disease.  There are several basic types of hospital equipment are:

1) Diagnostic equipment:

Digital Thermometer

Equipment or tools used to diagnose, test or screen for health conditions are known as diagnostic equipment. Thermometer, Sphygmomanometer, Stethoscope, X-Ray machines, MRI machines comes in this category. It is said that correct diagnosis leads to correct treatment and it is the first task of the doctor, without doing this a health care professional cannot treat a patient well. Aim of hospitals which are health care centres is to diagnose, treat and care for their patient who suffers from any disease or injury. There is wide range of diagnostic equipment easily available in the market.  With the help of CT scan you are able detect heart disease. X-Ray machine is helpful in scanning orthopaedic and other ailments.

2) Therapeutic equipment:

There are numerous of medical equipment that can be used to treat patients and therapeutic medical equipment is one of these. Physiotherapy includes electrotherapy devices, ultrasound, laser therapy and magneto therapy equipment, high technology is used to design all these devices. Therapeutic medical products serve to both prevent and heal wounds of their patients with various types of swelling and wounds related to disease states ranging from lymphedema to diabetes need to depend on these products.

3) Surgical instruments:


Success of a surgery depends on accuracy continuity and high quality surgical instruments used during surgery. The range of surgical instruments is wide and it can be divided into six categories by function. These are:

a) Cutting instruments:

Bone chisel, dissecting knife, tenotomy scissors and bone cutter are used as cutting instrument during surgery.

b) Grasping or holding instruments:

Examples of grasping or holding instrument are surgical Pinzette, forceps dissecting, forceps tissue and needle holder.

c) Haemostatic forceps:

Mosquito forceps, Kelly forceps and kocher forceps are known as haemostatic forceps which are used to stop blood flow during surgery.

d) Retractors:

Nerve hook, Obstetrical hook, goelet retractor and skin hook with the help of these instruments a surgeon can either actively separate the edges of a surgical incision or wound.

e) Clamps and distractors:

Towel clamp and towel forceps are good example of this class of instruments.

f) Accessories and implants:

Dilator, cannula, surgical needle and sterilization tray and many more are used as accessories and implants.

4) Durable medical equipment:

Wheel Chair

Wheel chair, commodes and raised toilet sheet, walker and power operated vehicles which improves the quality of living of the patients are known as durable medical equipment. It also includes iron lungs, oxygen tents, nebulizers, catheters and hospital beds. Durable medical equipment is long lasting that are able to protect patients from injury.

5) Biomedical equipment:

In hospitals biomedical test equipment are used to check whether the accurate measure flow is irreplaceable of various medical equipment. These analysis tools have been used for oxygen concentrators, ventilator testing and anaesthesia gas delivery device to accurately measure oxygen, air as well as nitrous oxide pressure and flow. A biomedical equipment technician(BMET) employed primarily by hospital is responsible for  maintaining a facility’s medical equipment.

You should follow medical equipment maintenance manual provided by ministry of health and family welfare for the better maintenance of the equipment and to provide good treatment to your patients. The world health organisation department of Essential Health Technologies is planning to continuously update the list of core medical equipment so that outstanding treatment can be provided and they make it publically available on the WHO website for information purpose.

Related Posts:

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How to Buy Medical Supplies: For Hospitals, Clinics, Doctors & Home

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