Diagnostic Tools Every Medical Practitioner Needs to Know About

Common Types of Diagnostic Medical Devices:

Medicine has advanced to such an extent that it has answers to everything. Since the olden times doctors and medical professionals have focused their valuable resources on proper diagnosis for an effective treatment. In this endeavor, the chain of events start off from using proper tools for diagnosis. Enlisted here are some of the most profound diagnostic devices that are used by doctors worldwide:

Medical Diagnostic Instruments

  1. Stethoscopes:

It is the most efficient tool that helps attaining vitals and substantial features of the patient at hand. They are essentially the most significant equipment that help in assessing heart sounds, heart beats, breath sounds etc.

Diagnosis:

  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchitis
  • Heart palpitations
  • Heart disease
  • Arrhythmia
  • Heart valve issues

There are electronic stethoscopes which are devised to closely examine low-pitched heart sounds and high pitched pulmonary sounds.

  1. Sphygmomanometers:

For accurate measurement of blood pressure Sphygmomanometers are the key tools used by nurses and doctors. Careful evaluations and fluctuations of blood pressure have been made possible by this device.  Number chronic and acute diseases have shown an impeccable variation in blood pressure.  Sphygmomanometer helps in examining the patient and predicting the next move towards an adequate remedy.

Diagnosis:

  • Diabetes
  • High or low blood pressure
  • Artery hardening
  • Arterial plaque
  • Hypotension

Types:

There are two types of Sphygmomanometer.

  • The electrical sphygmomanometers or Aneroid Sphygmomanometers are not reliable in their readings. This variation makes it quite difficult for the physicians to regulate their diagnosis
  • The manual type sphygmomanometer is usually favored due to the universal accepted optimum readings.
  1. Ophthalmoscopes:

They are used to examine the eye with precision. Most ophthalmologists have acquired this device in order to accurately translate their suspicion with accurate diagnosis. Seeing is believing; and with an ophthalmoscope you can analyze the eye with ease.

Diagnosis:

  1. Bacterial infections
  2. Detached retinas
  3. Glaucoma

Types:

  • Direct Ophthalmoscopes give a magnified image of the eye in an upright position. It is placed very close to the patient eye in order to get correct results.
  • Indirect ophthalmoscope, unlike the direct one produces an inverted image of the eye. In order to achieve this, the device is placed at 15-30 inches distance from the patient’s eye. This device shows more potent results when confirming a cataract.
  1. Otoscopes:

If you are having hearing problems or any discomfort in your ear, the physician would probably equip himself with an otoscope for examination purposes. It is used to give an image of the ear canal. The lens magnifies the image while the doctor views the inside of your ear.

Diagnosis:

  • Ear infections
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Causes of vertigo or dizziness
  • Meniere’s Disease
  • Swimmers Ear

There is a light assisting the physician to give a clear idea. The light and the magnifying power of lens help in examining the outer and middle ear. The doctor is ascertained to always dispose off the speculum part of the otoscope in order to avoid spreading of infection and for hygiene purposes.

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What are the different types of Hospital Equipment?

Medical or hospital equipment also known as armamentarium is designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of patients in various health care departments. The development of new advance featured medical equipment helps a patient to easily recover from their disease.  There are several basic types of hospital equipment are:

1) Diagnostic equipment:

Digital Thermometer

Equipment or tools used to diagnose, test or screen for health conditions are known as diagnostic equipment. Thermometer, Sphygmomanometer, Stethoscope, X-Ray machines, MRI machines comes in this category. It is said that correct diagnosis leads to correct treatment and it is the first task of the doctor, without doing this a health care professional cannot treat a patient well. Aim of hospitals which are health care centres is to diagnose, treat and care for their patient who suffers from any disease or injury. There is wide range of diagnostic equipment easily available in the market.  With the help of CT scan you are able detect heart disease. X-Ray machine is helpful in scanning orthopaedic and other ailments.

2) Therapeutic equipment:

There are numerous of medical equipment that can be used to treat patients and therapeutic medical equipment is one of these. Physiotherapy includes electrotherapy devices, ultrasound, laser therapy and magneto therapy equipment, high technology is used to design all these devices. Therapeutic medical products serve to both prevent and heal wounds of their patients with various types of swelling and wounds related to disease states ranging from lymphedema to diabetes need to depend on these products.

3) Surgical instruments:

Retractors

Success of a surgery depends on accuracy continuity and high quality surgical instruments used during surgery. The range of surgical instruments is wide and it can be divided into six categories by function. These are:

a) Cutting instruments:

Bone chisel, dissecting knife, tenotomy scissors and bone cutter are used as cutting instrument during surgery.

b) Grasping or holding instruments:

Examples of grasping or holding instrument are surgical Pinzette, forceps dissecting, forceps tissue and needle holder.

c) Haemostatic forceps:

Mosquito forceps, Kelly forceps and kocher forceps are known as haemostatic forceps which are used to stop blood flow during surgery.

d) Retractors:

Nerve hook, Obstetrical hook, goelet retractor and skin hook with the help of these instruments a surgeon can either actively separate the edges of a surgical incision or wound.

e) Clamps and distractors:

Towel clamp and towel forceps are good example of this class of instruments.

f) Accessories and implants:

Dilator, cannula, surgical needle and sterilization tray and many more are used as accessories and implants.

4) Durable medical equipment:

Wheel Chair

Wheel chair, commodes and raised toilet sheet, walker and power operated vehicles which improves the quality of living of the patients are known as durable medical equipment. It also includes iron lungs, oxygen tents, nebulizers, catheters and hospital beds. Durable medical equipment is long lasting that are able to protect patients from injury.

5) Biomedical equipment:

In hospitals biomedical test equipment are used to check whether the accurate measure flow is irreplaceable of various medical equipment. These analysis tools have been used for oxygen concentrators, ventilator testing and anaesthesia gas delivery device to accurately measure oxygen, air as well as nitrous oxide pressure and flow. A biomedical equipment technician(BMET) employed primarily by hospital is responsible for  maintaining a facility’s medical equipment.

You should follow medical equipment maintenance manual provided by ministry of health and family welfare for the better maintenance of the equipment and to provide good treatment to your patients. The world health organisation department of Essential Health Technologies is planning to continuously update the list of core medical equipment so that outstanding treatment can be provided and they make it publically available on the WHO website for information purpose.

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Diagnostic Instruments; a must for all Clinics and Hospitals

Instruments that are used to diagnose a person’s health parameters in order to understand the basic problem that a person is suffering from are called diagnostic instruments. For any clinic or hospital having the most competitive diagnostic instrument boosts the patient’s confidence in the hospital or the diagnostic laboratory. The accuracy given by the diagnostic instruments helps in the early diagnosis of the illness and can be very instrumental in getting the treatment started as soon as possible.

Diagnostic instruments are varied in variety and with latest technical innovations they are constantly being upgraded. From the very basic thermometer to check your fever to the very sophisticated Cat scanning machines all fall into the diagnostic instruments.

Types of Diagnostic Instruments

  • The medical imaging machines that help in taking the picture of the body organ and giving a clear image of the picture of the affected body organ are called CT Scan Machines, Ultra Sound Machines, and MRI Machines
  • There are medical monitors that measure a patient’s vital signs like the blood pressure, ECG, EEG, and dissolved gases in the blood.
  • There are medical analysis equipment that helps analyse the blood, urine, and genes.
  • Diagnostic medical equipment can also be used in the house to keep a record of your sugar level and blood pressure.

These are primarily the basic types of diagnostic machines but with technical innovations happening regularly in the medical field more sophisticated machines are always being introduced in the market.

Basic Diagnostic Equipment

Mercury Sphygmomanometer

Mercury Sphygmomanometer

Some of these basic diagnostic equipment are a must for every nursing home or hospital;

  • Stethoscopes and spare Parts : A doctor’s picture is not complete without the stethoscope round his neck. The stethoscope is a listening device or an acoustic instrument used for listening to the sound of the heart and the lungs. It helps the doctor get an idea about your general pulse rate, breathing and health prognosis.
  • Sphygmomanometers and Spares : A sphygmometer is a manual blood pressure measuring machine that helps to determine the flow of the pressure of the blood of an individual. It consists of a cuff that is used to stop the flow of the blood and a mercury device that helps in determining the beginning of the blood pressure and the end of it. The blood pressure maintenance is an important parameter that controls your health in a large way.
  • ECG Machine : The electrocardiography is an electric heart rate measuring device that is used to measure any abnormalities in the functioning of the heart. The electrodes are attached to the skin of the patient as the recording of the heat beat is displayed on a monitor outside the body. It is used for measuring the heart’s electric conduction system. The electrical impulses generated by the polarization and depolarization of the cardiac tissue are shown on a screen in the waveform. The waveform is then analysed to measure the rate and regularity of the heartbeats.
  • Digital Blood Pressure Monitor : A digital blood pressure monitor helps in recording the blood pressure of the individual without the conventional system of needing assistance to measure the blood pressure. It is a small device which can be carried in your bag and without anybody’s help you can use it to check your blood pressure.
  • Clinical Thermometers & Magnifiers – Loupes and Optics : A clinical thermometer helps in giving accuracy in the temperature recorded of the patient. It is necessary to have a thermometer as part of any clinic or hospitals kit. The loupes and optics are magnifiers that help in closely examining any organ of the body.
Binocular Loupe

Binocular Loupe

The list of diagnostic equipment can be unending from a simple measuring tape to a MRI Scanner, it is vast in its variety. However, it is very important for any laboratory or a hospital to go for the right diagnostic equipment.

GPC Medical Limited Offering the Best Range of Diagnostic Equipment

GPC Medical Limited offers you the best range in the diagnostic equipment. Apart from being quality conscious for our products we are very proficient in demonstrating the use of the machines and our after sales service is excellent. We at GPC Medical do not just make tall claims in giving you the best service but our well trained staff actually takes care of all its customer’s needs. Our products give accuracy in their results and from the basic stethoscope to the most sophisticated diagnostic equipment we leave no room for compromise.

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